Fundamental Duties



The aim of this article is to explore the different fundamental duties. The first segment of this article determines the historical background, the eleven fundamental duties and concepts on which fundamental duties have been positioned. The second segment determines how the native can be made aware about their fundamental duties, and the third and final segment is the conclusion.

The concept of human fundamental duties was amended by 42nd amendment of constitution bill 1976. The duties numbering ten have been assimilated in the Indian constitution by rectitude of 86th constitutional amendment in 2002 on the advocacy of “The Swaran Singh Committee”. By this amendment in year 2002, 11th duty was added in our Constitution. But no remedy for breach of such duties is provided under Indian laws expect for few duties. To sense the duties implicates at least three things: first that a service is affirmed from the civilians; second that we sense the force of affirm; third that an obvious effort is mandatory to execute the service. The human duties have been defined as ethical responsibility of every civilians to help stimulates an enthusiasm of allegiance and to uphold the harmony of India.  The alertness and awareness in the civilians should be generated by a methodical and comprehensive education, by making it a portion of education and by broadcasting by the means of campaign, rallies and awareness programmes. If we want to make our nation better then we need to follow our duties because it is the duty of every civilian to donate in the expansion and advancement of the nation. The article will put brilliancy on the approach of significance and statutory duties including its application under Indian Constitution.


Under Indian Constitution, Fundamental Duties are the part that dictates significant obligations of the states to the citizens of India. If we go back by history, the incorporation of Article 51A in the Indian Constitution needs to embark. The Congress party appointed a committee named ‘The Swaran Singh Committee’ for analysis of the Constitution had commended unequivocal rights and duties that each and every citizen scheduled the country must be admitted in the Indian Constitution. These commendations were administrated with the inclusion of the modern Article 51A Indian Constitution. Fortuitously, this occurred in the interim stage of crisis transgression belonging to us egalitarian ancient time. Along with the establishment of Article 51A, the result of the endowments of the High Court and Apex Court ended when the crisis and 44th amendment Act 1978, was passed had no effect on the provisions mentioned under Article 51A accompany by the 42nd amendment. Our Constitution brought the insertion of fundamental duties in accordance with Article 29(1) the Universal Declaration of Human Rights also accompanied by furnishing in various Constitutions of other countries.

There are certain arguments of not executing the fundament duty under the constitution by the makers of the Indian Constitution. First reason, the makers of the Indian Constitution were specific idealistic had performed value in life, releasing their civil and public responsibilities and had pursued novel principles which had idealised are public battle for liberty and require to protect the nation, develop consonance, disbelief and protect the substantial legacy of the blended Indian society. These were fundamental and inborn ethics which were executed by each and everyone. These were significant part of culture in India and it got hold of for granted that transgression in the exercise of these cannot be permitted to the Indian culture. Second reason, the Preamble to the Constitution illustrated the obligations which consists the values directions of the citizens of India and the adherence of constitution for attaining such values and directions. It provides justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to secure all the citizen of India. Last reason, all the rights consecrated under Part III have intrinsic duties in that respect.

Howbeit, with the period of time, abasement of ethics, specifically beliefs in the life of public had become openly manifest and the country sense the requirement to alter the Indian Constitution and insertion.  These beliefs are particularly as the human duties of whole citizens. Fundamental duties of the citizens acquire further inventory for the Indian citizens as a result of 42nd amendment of the Constitution, endorsed in 1976. Article 51A incorporated in part IV A of the Indian Constitution direct with human duties – Each native shall have the duties towards the nation –

(a)        accept before the Indian Constitution moreover appreciate the ethics with associations, the National flag and the National anthem;

(b)        Admire plus pursue the gentle principles that encourages our governmental conflict for independence;

(c)        endorse plus preserve the supremacy, wholeness and virtue of the nation;

(d)       resist the nation moreover provide governmental service though asked to do so;

(e)        boost peace plus soul of ordinary fraternity among natives of India outstrip spiritual, semantic and geographical or group diversification; discard exercises defamatory for morality of the women;

(f)        respect plus protect the substantial custom of our amalgam belief;

(g)        defend plus advance the legitimate environs consists of jungles, lakes, watercourses and wild life moreover hold the mercy to live existence creation;

(h)        flourish the scientific mitigate, civilisation and the soul of interrogation and improve;

(i)         ensure the possession of the public and to renounce brutality;

(j)         Tackle in relation to supremacy in all sphere of individuals and unified exercise so that the country regularly progresses to the high reliefs of strive and accomplishment;

The last one was appended by the 86th amendment in 2002 during the government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

(k)        Who is Cerberus or a parent to administrate favourable circumstances for education to his child or as the condition might be parish within the age of 6 to 14 years.


The Conception of fundamental duties and obligations

There has been a bit moderate inordinate priority on the civil liberties of general public as opposite to their duty even when the custom and spirit of logic throughout the ages put better attention on duties of the citizens. Indeed, constitutional duties along with rights are the two faces of the identical coin. Because of each right, there is a analogous duties. Rights discharge apart from duties well achieved. Duties are absolute portion of rights: the duties of one are the right of other person that people should contribute to the general greater good of humanity, apart from their own interests. Humans have been created for the sake of others of their kind indeed, to benefit each other as much as possible.  If people execute his duty, each person’s rights would be undoubtedly preserved. Perform your duties and rights will come automatically to you. When the dignitary and the dynast oration of nationality principles, they likely to oration in the express of “you, the people should”. They obliterate that they are not apart from the public, they are also leading the citizen of the nation and it is as such for them as for rest to admire the nationality goals. Indeed in remittance of their practical obligations and human duty, they have further obligation to preserve and boost citizenship human duty accomplish the pledge they obtain Perfectly, appropriate  harmony and balance can be accomplished if the state – high executory of the government and the leadership in general and the public themselves ordinary preeminent priority clearance their obligations and human duty as a substitute of all the time challenging accomplishment of their human duties.

Awareness to the citizens

The government has to take certain steps to generate awareness among the natives about their human duties. If one has the right so has the duty as well because the operation of rights relies upon one’s notice of duties and “real rights are a result of performance of duty”. Even extremely intellectual native may not be knowledgeable of this segment of the Indian Constitution. Morally no steps have been accomplished to notify and alert the generic native about their duties which are obligatory and to originate alertness belonging to thon propaganda along with procreation. The government has been questioned to undertake the charge to confine workshops, seminars and competitions in support of educating the common people about the fundamental duties. The measures should be taken in the field of teaching in primary and secondary schools about the ethics. Identical impression should be taken at university and institute level. Parliament should force penalty or punishment if the duties are not accomplished. If punishment is forced according to law, on any ground it cannot be questioned in any quote. Indeed, eventually it can be said that the government attempts cannot victorious unless citizens of the nation take part in the policies made by the government. They may motivate us to introduce in ourselves a sensation of societal liability.


All the fundamental duty which is furnished to us as the civilian of India must be pursued to sustaining the classical sites so that the harmonies in the country succeed. Fundamental duties are the significance of a socialist country. No socialist federation can at any time accomplished if the civilians are not enthusiastic to take effective assistance in the policies of government by overbearing obligations or setting free national duty as well as approaching forward looking towards the outstanding outcome for the nation. The civilians should be aware of their duties and should deliver beneficial aspiration. If all civilian executes the human duties ignoring the deliberations of colour, caste, language and faith, the humankind will be boosted as a whole. It is true that government attempts alone are not enough unless civilians of the nation ordinarily take part in those attempts. The duties are a perpetual indication to the civilians of the social objectives and fundamental measures of the governmental regulation. These duties stimulate the civilian to implant the feeling of societal obligation.


The citizens should get aware about their fundamental duties so, that there is no lacking in performance of fundamental duties on their part. The government should take certain measures to produce awareness and educate citizens about their fundamental duties. The education about the duties should be provided at the primary, secondary, university and institutional level; regulating seminars, competitions, debates regarding different concepts of human duties of citizens; they should plan awareness camps, rallies, campaign, advertisement, awareness programmes and many more to generate awareness among the citizens unknown of their fundamental duties.

It is submitted that there is obligatory requirement to pass knowledge, facts and creating higher alertness with cognizance of human duties and responsibilities among the citizens. Some of them are difficult to be understood by the common natives. This will help in creating the magnitude of harmonious, nonviolent, far reaching and ecstatic nation. This can be achieved with the help of certain steps some of them are mentioned here- exhibit the content of human duties in the advertisements, journals, calendars, registers and programmes which is notably under the Indian government; Significant messages should be highlighted in the form of videos and radio news connected to human duties on channels; publishing small brochures, pamphlets regarding miscellaneous visible features of human duties drafted in easy words; sending messages to the citizens by the means of electronic regarding the matters relating to fundamental duties like protecting environment; several programmes by means electronic media to protect the culture and heritage of our nation and avoid violence and terrorist activities; publication of matter related to human duties in the books at school level; and the performance of fundamental duties should be made mandatory  to be performed by every citizen of the nation.

We always remember our fundamental right but often forget our fundamental duty so we should remember our fundamental duty too. We live in a democratic country and democracy means the natives of the country participates in the policies of the government on equal node. This is the time to step in because individual effort makes the change. If there is change our nation will be a better place. So, it is the time to step out of our homes and make the change.

Leena singh choudhary 
BBA LLB 3rd year 
Banasthali vidyapeeth